The European Union (EU) withdrawal agreement has been a contentious topic in the United Kingdom, and the House of Lords has played a significant role in the debate surrounding it. As the deadline for Brexit approaches, it is important to understand the House of Lords` involvement in the withdrawal agreement.

The withdrawal agreement outlines the terms of the UK`s departure from the EU and its future relationship with the bloc. It covers issues such as citizens` rights, the Irish border, and financial settlements. The agreement was negotiated by Prime Minister Theresa May`s government and agreed to by the EU in November 2018.

The withdrawal agreement was initially rejected by the UK`s parliament in January 2019. This led to a series of votes and negotiations, with the House of Lords playing an important role in scrutinizing the agreement and proposing amendments.

One of the key issues that the House of Lords focused on was the Irish backstop. This is a provision in the withdrawal agreement that would ensure that there would be no hard border between Northern Ireland (part of the UK) and the Republic of Ireland (part of the EU). Some politicians were concerned that the backstop would keep the UK tied to EU customs rules indefinitely.

The House of Lords proposed several amendments to the withdrawal agreement, including one that would keep the UK in the EU`s customs union until a future trade deal was agreed upon. However, these amendments were not accepted by the government, and the withdrawal agreement was ultimately rejected by parliament for a second time in March 2019.

Since then, there have been further negotiations between the UK and the EU, with a revised withdrawal agreement being agreed to in October 2019. This agreement addressed some of the issues that had been raised by the House of Lords, including changes to the backstop provision.

The House of Lords has continued to scrutinize the withdrawal agreement, with some members expressing concerns about the impact of leaving the EU on certain sectors of the economy. However, the agreement was ultimately approved by parliament in January 2020 and the UK officially left the EU on January 31, 2020.

In conclusion, the House of Lords has played an important role in the debate surrounding the EU withdrawal agreement. Its scrutiny and proposed amendments have helped to shape the final agreement that was approved by parliament. As the UK now enters a new phase of its relationship with the EU, it will be interesting to see how the House of Lords continues to influence the country`s Brexit negotiations.